Health and Social Care

Risk Assessment in Care Home

Ricky Kambray
Ricky Kambray

The care home is the place where the residents get attention and support. As we know, helpless children and elderly people are the inhabitants of the care home. So it’s quite possible to have any kind of accident with them. That is why risk assessments are absolutely necessary. 

If you own or manage a care home, you need to know what kinds of risks you should consider and how to conduct them properly. Risk assessments in care home enable you to identify potential hazards that could harm staff or residents and assist you in determining how to mitigate these risks.

Read this blog and get familiar with the five steps required to carry out a thorough risk assessment and many more. Keep Reading!

Plus, it’s really important to grasp the essence of safeguarding – it’s not only about safeguarding children and adults in danger, but it’s about taking care of everyone’s well-being. This means preventing harm, abuse, and neglect for anyone. To get a clear picture of how safeguarding operates in a care home, check out our blog. It will also answer your questions about what safeguarding examples look like in a care home.

What is Risk Assessment in Care Home?

A risk assessment is a systematic process of identifying and evaluating the risks associated with a particular activity or situation. It is a first and foremost tool used by care homes to identify potential risks to residents’ safety and wellbeing. The evaluation helps staff understand what they should be looking out for and how best to respond.

However, it is part of care planning and is one of the most effective ways to ensure the safety and wellbeing of residents. Risk assessments help staff understand what they should be looking out for and how best to respond. The owner also takes action to prevent or reduce their impact on residents. The procedure is a legal concern in which the care home owner demonstrates his clarity to the government as well as the residents.

How to Carry Out a Care Home Risk Assessment?

Legally, risk assessments are required for all businesses, including care homes. In order to conduct an assessment effectively, you must thoroughly inspect the premises for health and safety hazards and figure out how to reduce them. You must follow a few steps in order to conduct a care home risk assessment. These procedures are referred to as the “key steps” in risk assessment.

A man is trying to pull the risk meter from medium to low


The Five Steps of Risk Assessment in Care Home are:

There are five key steps included in all care home risk assessments:

  1. Identify the hazards in the care home.
  2. Determine which residents or staff might be harmed and how?
  3. Evaluate the risks and implement safety measures accordingly.
  4. Record your results.
  5. Review your assessment regularly.

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Identify the Hazards in the Care Home

The first step of the risk assessment in the care home is to identify the hazards. In care homes, various health and safety risks typically differ between locations and types of residents. It helps you to identify specific hazards of your care home so you can implement control measures accordingly. To identify hazards, you can apply these procedures:

  • Observation of everything in great detail. However, look around the care home and look for anything that poses an obvious risk. Find out some of the common points.
    • Slippery floors
    • Poorly-stored chemicals 
    • Fire exits
    • Oxygen cylinders
    • Bad manual handling practices
    • Insufficient infection control
    • Poor staff behaviour towards residents
    • Review accident and ill health records
    • Check care plans and care records
    • Check manufacturers’ instructions or data sheets
    • Talk to staff and service users
    • Inspect how they handle the individual’s problem

Nurses are taking care of old people in old care home

Determine Which Residents or Staff Might be Harmed and How?

Certain hazards will pose a greater risk to some care home residents. You must determine which staff and residents are in danger and how the hazard might harm them. The following individuals are particularly at risk in care homes:

  • Some residents need special attention from your staff, including:
    • Kids and the elderly, 
    • Who have low mobility, 
    • Those who are physically or mentally incapable.
  • Certain groups or staff who frequently engage in manual handling tasks or work with potentially infectious materials. 
  • Visitors, family members, and external healthcare professionals unfamiliar with your home’s specific safety procedures are more at risk.

Evaluate Risks and Implement Safety Measures Accordingly

Considering the level of risk, this step involves posing each vulnerable person by determining what type of safety measure will eliminate the risk or lower it to an acceptable level. To reduce it, you may consider the below points.

  • Safety measures can include training, procedures, and equipment. You should regularly refresh them. 
    • General health and safety knowledge 
    • provide specific manual handling
    • Fire safety
    • Infection control
    • Staff training on risk mitigation.
    • Other care-related training

Making sure care homes are safe from fires is really important. The Basic Fire Safety Awareness for Care Homes Training is designed to give staff the important information they need to prevent and handle fire risks. You’ll learn how to follow evacuation plans, prevent fires, and react if there’s one. This training helps create a safer environment for everyone.

  • Improve your housekeeping procedures to minimise the risks posed by spillages and poor waste management.
    • Review and update residents’ some basic plans-
    • Care plans to improve their safety
    • Fire evacuation procedures
    • Infection control process
  • Use mechanical aids to reduce manual handling risks
  • Reduce the staff’s travel distance when performing manual handling tasks
  • To prevent frequent manual patient handling, install overhead hoist systems in rooms for residents with high levels of dependency

A man is checking documents of employee details


Record Your Results

Keep a record of the risk assessment’s findings to monitor your progress and reflect on what adjustments were made and why. 

In a care home, records are especially important. You need to prove to the Health and Safety Executive and Care Quality Commission that your nursing home offers residents safe, high-quality services and takes care of its employees. Your risk assessment documentation should attest to:

  • Carried out a complete and thorough check.
  • Identified the potential victims of the risks.
  • Addressed all the obvious hazards.
  • Take into account those who face high risk.
  • Implemented safety measures to reduce risks as much as possible.
  • Involved service users or their representatives.
  • Update the service users’ care plans with any new information.
  • Describe the safeguards you’ve put in place to keep your residents safe.

Review Your Assessment Regularly

New hazards will appear over time, and the effectiveness of safety measures may change. In order to maintain the efficiency of health and safety procedures, it is essential to review risk assessments frequently. For this, you can find out some topics.

  • Do you still have any areas where you can improve?
  • Have staff or service users offered feedback? Have they reported any mishaps or any near misses?
  • Do control measures work effectively in practice?
  • Have you changed the layout of the home since your last assessment?
  • Have any new staff or service users joined? Does it require new safety measures?
  • Is training necessary for any new staff?
  • Have you added any new tasks or equipment that you need to analyse for safety?

By following these five steps, you can carry out a thorough assessment and implement effective safety measures. It supports you in complying with health, safety, and healthcare laws. This also enables staff to work their best and ensures residents live happy life during their time in care.

Old people taking life insurance facilities


Why Risk Assessment in Care Home is Important?

A risk assessment in a care home is a way of safeguarding both staff and clients from harm. Care providers conduct risk assessments for each person they look after, whether they are providing care in a care home or the patient’s home. But it’s critical to assess the resident’s needs in order to provide appropriate ongoing care. The following notes can explain why it is crucial in care homes.

  • Risk Assessment is an essential tool used by care homes to identify residents who may be at risk of falling or developing other medical conditions. 
  • It helps staff understand what they should look out for so they can provide better care.
  • Risk assessment aims to find and control hazards so that incidents that could hurt or harm clients and caregivers are less likely to happen. 
  • They also help care homes understand what they should look for when providing care and service.
  • Risk assessment is a key preliminary procedure for all types of moving, handling, and maintaining equipment.
  • The assessment process enables the delivery of evidence-based care that is tailored for the resident and successful in meeting their needs. The system of personalised care planning also ensures the best possible use of the available care resources.
  • Feedback from staff and service users identifies the areas for improvement.

Residents must be evaluated to make sure they are safe and receiving the right care, according to one of these standards. In addition, care facilities can ensure continuity of care within and between facilities by keeping track of the care provided to residents.

Besides, An Advanced Diploma in Health and Social Care Worker Training is crucial for you. Wondering how this course helps with Risk Assessment in Care Homes? This training equips you with advanced skills needed in health and social care. It covers patient care, ethics, and communication, crucial for addressing challenges in health and social care settings, including risk assessment in care homes. By mastering these skills, you’ll be better prepared to ensure safety and well-being, positively impacting individuals’ lives in care homes.


Risk assessment in care homes basically ensures the safety and living standards of residents. This assessment eliminates the probability that anyone, child or adult, will become a victim and shows that all risks can be reduced with proper precautions. Make sure it complies with the law; owners must submit it to the government. After finishing this, you will get real honour for your work.

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Ricky Kambray

Hey this is Ricky Kambray an award-winning first-aid trainer with over 20 years of healthcare and teaching expertise. Highly certified general nurse regularly appears in the press discussing accident prevention and first aid advice.